Civil War Centennial

January 26, 1961

Maryland’s Mason-Dixon Line Notable Memorial To Conflict

With the Civil War Centennial celebration now under way, Maryland Department of Economic Development officials are reminding people that their State has the most significant single memorial of the conflict. There is a line of low stone pillars stretching from near the hamlet of Appleton in  Cecil County to just beyond Ashen Glade in Garrett. They are two hundred years old, and for so long, they have been the most famous boundary in America. They are the Mason-Dixon Line.

On both the historic and the folklore levels, this line sums up the Civil War. “And yet,” observes George W. Hubley, Jr., Department Director, “Few Americans know where the Mason-Dixon line is. Many people suppose it is the boundary of Virginia.”

It is the northern boundary of Maryland, Virginia does not touch it. It was laid out in 1763-67 by two  gentlemen, Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon, sent from England to establish the Maryland-Pennsylvania border. They bought the stones over by sailing ship, coat of arms of Lord Baltimore carved on one face, those of William Penn on the other. They set them up a mile apart, and a century later the United States almost broke in two against them.

Anyone planning Civil War sightseeing, says Mr. Hubley, should certainly see this Line.

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