Farmers Banking Their Wheat Crop

Jul 16, 1914

Carroll and Howard County Farms Yielding Upwards of Thirty Bushels to the Acre

Mr. Warfield Tells of Good Results

Writes an Interesting Article For The Herald in Which He Discusses Methods Employed and Advances a Valuable Suggestion to Wheat Growers – Who Will Join The Herald Farmers’ Club?

The thrifty farmer pays all his expenses, including help and cost of living, from produce other than wheat, so when the wheat – his main crop – is marketed, the  proceeds from the same represents his surplus for the year. If there is a mortgage this surplus is used in liquidating it, that is the principal, the interest having been paid from other sources, poultry, hogs, etc. If there is no mortgage, then the wheat crop is banked.

The prosperous farmer who has carried out the above system will have a goodly sum to place to the surplus this year, as Carroll and Howard Counties have just harvested one of the largest wheat crops that has been realized for the past twenty years – and present prices are more than equal the average for the same period. Two-red wheat, which is the standard, is bringing 78c per bushel on the Sykesville market, or 5c a bushel under the Baltimore market, the freight and inspection charges being 4c per bushel.

The question is asked nearly every day, “Is there money in wheat at present prices?” Yes, if 25 or more bushels are produced to the acre. Below this quantity there is only a fair return for the labor.

A number of crops have already been delivered to the Sykesville market where the yield is over 30 bushels to the acre. Albert A. Dorsey, one of the largest farmers in the county, averaged over 35 bushels for his entire crop. Herbert R. DeVries, another progressive farmer, has marketed his crop, which averaged over 30 bushels. William H. Forsyth, John T. Ridgely and Welling Brothers, of Howard County, have their barns and barracks full and have threshed that which could not be housed and their yield is about 30 bushels per acre.

The keynote of success at farming narrows down to one principal – produce two blades where formerly but one grew, to do this, much care must be used in selecting your seed. Know that it is high in germination and free from foreign seeds. Next have your ground well prepared and enrich the same with lime, manure and commercial fertilizer. With many green manures, crimson clover, soja beans or cow peas have been used very successfully. Rock that has not bee treated with acid and finely ground, gives splendid results when used in connection with the above and coasts about $2 a ton less than dissolved rock.

Much thought should be used in buying commercial fertilizers. When an agent says he has $18 and $20 goods this should not mean anything to the farmer. He must consider his soil and buy by analysis. Frequently on a certain field and on a certain crop a cheaper brand will give better results than higher priced goods, as the ingredients will be more suitable for the needs. What is saved in this instance can be added to the cost of the fertilizer for another crop, which may need it, hence the cost for the fertilizers for the two crops have not increased and at the same time the results have been greatly increased and the soil left in an improved condition.

Frederick County, one of the richest counties in the entire union, is now employing an expert agriculturist to visit the different farms in an advisory capacity. The selecting of fertilizers will be one of his principal duties and the results are expected to increase the fertility of this already rich county.

I would like to see fifty or more farmers club together and subscribe, say $20 each, and employ an agriculturalist. I am confident the investment would pay 100 per cent and more the first year, to say nothing of the advantages to be derived during the following years. Then the same men should form a Farmers’ Club and meet monthly and exchange ideas. I would suggest that those interested in such a project send their names to the editor of The Herald. Then when the first ten names have been received, let them meet and perfect such an organization. The advantages would be far-reaching.

Within a few miles of Sykesville this year one man has sold over 300 bushels of onions from one-half acre at $2.25 per bushel, or at the rate of $1.500 per acre. His strawberry crop brought him over $100 and his apples average him $250 yearly and all on less than 50 acres.

This farmer got rid of his mortgage years ago and there is no necessity for any farmer having a mortgage only a few years.

Farm land is too cheap. Everything else has advanced – it must advance. A very significant headline appeared over the financial column of one of our Baltimore dailies only this week. “The Business World is Cheered by the Prospects of Big Crops.” This means much, but most of all that substantial property starts with the tilling of the soil. Stick to the farm, boys! You are fast getting on top – there is not a more honorable calling and not a more remunerative occupation if good judgment and business tack are employed and for happiness and contentment of mind, it is par excellence.

Sykesville, July 14, 1914
Wade H. D. Warfield

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