Town and Farm in War-Time

February 8, 1945

Conservation The Watchword For Civilians–Motorists Face Hardest Period

A Weekly News Digest prepared by Office of War Information News Bureau

Civilians At War?

Your Government needs and asks its citizens in this 166th week of the war to:

1. Employ Special nurses only when you are critically ill.

2. Keep on saving your wastepaper. Collections are lagging, but the need remains critical.

3. Conserve all possible fuel as bad weather and hard pressed railways seriously tax coal distribution. Coal and oil help fire the guns.

4. Write overseas by V-mail–fast, sure, private. V-mail saves precious cargo space. Frequent V-mail letters are profoundly welcomed.

Tire Quotes Again Reduced

Passenger car tire quotes for the month of February have been cut by the Office of Price Administration by 1,600,000, the lowest since last October, and are 200,000 fewer than last month and are 400,000 tires below December, Quotas of tires for tractor-implement use, on the other hand, remain unchanged at 50,000. The February reduction, states Brig. Gen. Royal Lord, deputy chief of staff to General Eisenhower, “can be summed up in two words–military necessity.” He pointed out that tires on war equipment wear out at an “enormous rate” and that the military “simply doesn’t have enough tires.” And in the words of Max McCullough, deputy OPA Administrator for Ratlouing, “the reduced passenger car tire quotas again point up the vital importance of prompt recapping and tire repairs.”

Car Owners Face “Hardest Period”

Owners of passenger cars, tracks and busses in 1945 will face the hardest period since the war began–with 1,500,000 more passenger cars breaking down during the year; with gasoline and tire supplies remaining critically short and with the serious shortage of lead necessitating greater public conservation of batteries, OWI states in a report reviewing the supply situation for civilians. Key facts of the passenger car situation: no production of new cars in 1945; a 4,000-car a day disappearance from the highways, the dwindling stock of new cars remaining in the ration pool (12,000 on February 1); estimates that it will take from two to three years to fill the pent-up postwar demand for 12,000,000 to 15,000,000 new motor cars.

Conservation Is Watchword

Proper care of radios, refrigeration, washing machines, stoves and electrical and mechanical appliances is more important today than ever before, says the Office of Civilian Requirements of the War Production Board. The increased need for war production means a delay in resuming production of household appliances and equipment. This factor, combined with the acute shortage of repair shop facilities, makes it imperative that every effort be made to prolong the life of equipment now in use, OCR emphasized. Householders are urged to save and care for their equipment by keeping moving parts properly oiled, taking care not to overload motors, washers and wringers, keeping all types of equipment clean and avoid careless handling.

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